Robotic Gallbladder Surgery

Robotic Gallbladder Surgery

Gallstones, which can range in size and number, are stones or crystalline masses that develop inside the gallbladder. Asymptomatic gallstones can potentially have serious consequences since they can slide down and obstruct the bile duct, just as symptomatic gallstones can cause excruciating abdominal pain, bloating, and discomfort. The only treatment for gallstones is the removal of the gallbladder. A well-known method for removing the gallbladder is laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The same surgery can be carried out with greater accuracy, precision, and safety using the next-generation robotic system, Versie’s by CMR Surgical, Cambridge, UK, while maintaining all the advantages of laparoscopic surgeries. The surgeon uses a 3D high-definition (HD) image on the console screen while operating during robotic surgery with a next-generation robotic system, Versie’s. The surgeon sits on an open console next to the patient while donning 3D glasses. The surgeon moves the robotic arms with attached surgical equipment using the hand controls. The robotic system developed by Versie is a cutting-edge robotic system powered by AI and machine learning. It is made for superior surgical performance. To accomplish a minimally invasive cholecystectomy, the patient’s abdomen is incised three to four times. The surgeon’s hand, wrist, and finger movements are translated into exact, real-time movements of surgical instruments inside the patient’s abdomen by the robotic system Versie. In laparoscopic surgery, a 3D HD vision offers significantly better depth awareness than a 2D view. Four movable bedside units that may be moved about at the operating table are part of this robotic system, giving port placement more flexibility. The open console enables the surgeon to continue verbal or nonverbal communication with the team while maintaining the total vision of the patient during surgery, which is essential in the OT environment.

Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Breast cancer

Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Breast cancer

Uncontrolled growth of breast cells in breast cancer. There are different types of breast cancer. Cells in the breast that become cancerous cause breast cancer. Any part of the breast can be affected. The breast consists of three major parts:

  • Lobules – A lobule is a gland that produces milk
  • Ducts – A duct is a tube that carries milk to the nipple
  • Connective Tissue – Everything is held together by connective tissue

In most cases, breast cancer begins in the ducts or lobules. However, blood vessels and lymph vessels can also allow cancer to spread outside the breast. Breast cancer that has metastasized has spread to other parts of the body.

Types of Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer is most often diagnosed as –

Invasive ductal carcinoma – In other parts of the breast tissue, cancer cells grow outside the ducts. Cells of invasive cancer can also spread to other parts of the body, or metastasize.

Invasive lobular carcinoma – These invasive cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body after spreading from the lobules.

Breast Cancer Symptoms

There are several signs and symptoms of breast cancer including:

It feels different from the surrounding breast tissue when there is a lump or thickening in the breast

Breasts that have changed in the size, shape, or appearance

A change to the breast skin, such as dimpling

An inverted nipple

A nipple or breast with skin that peels, scales, crusts, or flakes

It looks like the skin of an orange is reddened or pitted over your breasts

Causes of Breast Cancer

According to doctors, breast cancer occurs when a group of breast cells begins to divide abnormally. Your breast can produce cancer cells that spread to your lymph nodes or other parts of your body as these cells multiply more rapidly than healthy cells. If your breast develops cancer cells that spread to your lymph nodes or elsewhere in your body, you can develop an accumulating lump or mass.

The most common place for breast cancer to arise is in the milk-producing ducts. Breast cancer can also start in the glandular tissue called lobules or in other cells or tissues within the breast.

Breast cancer is caused by hormonal, lifestyle, and environmental factors. However, it’s unclear why some people with risk factors never develop cancer, and some people with risk factors do. Genetics and environment likely play a role in the development of breast cancer.

Breast Cancer Treatment

Genetics and environment likely play a role in the development of breast cancer. There is very few Breast Oncologist In Dehradun who comes at the top of the list.

Treatment options for breast Cancer

Surgery: The part of the breast containing the cancer is removed during Breast Cancer surgery.

Types of Breast Cancer Surgery

Mammaplasty:-        The part of the breast containing the cancer is removed during Breast Cancer surgery.

Tissue expansion:-    A balloon is inserted under the skin and slowly expanded to stretch and grow the skin and surrounding tissues.

Lymph node dissection:-  A lymph node is surgically removed.

Lumpectomy:-       Surgical removal of breast lumps.

Mastectomy :        Breasts are surgically removed in part or whole.