Preventing Type 2 Diabetes

Preventing Type 2 Diabetes

There are several risk factors for type 2 diabetes, the most common type. Overweight or having a parent, brother, or sister who has type 2 diabetes may increase your chances of developing this disease. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes can be increased by several factors, including gestational diabetes, which develops while pregnant.

A person with type 2 diabetes can have serious health complications, including heart disease, strokes, eye problems, and foot issues. Prediabetes can also cause problems, but type 2 diabetes is preventable or even deferred. It is more likely that you will develop health problems if you have diabetes for an extended period of time, so delaying diabetes by even a few years will be beneficial to your health. When you follow a reduced-calorie eating plan and exercise most days of the week, you can help delay or prevent type 2 diabetes.

Would you be able to tell me how I can reduce my risk of developing type 2 diabetes?

You can lower your risk by changing the following:

  • Lose weight and keep it off. The loss of five to seven percent of your starting weight can reduce your risk of diabetes or delay its onset. For example, if you weigh 200 pounds, your goal would be to lose 10 to 14 pounds.
  • Move more. Make sure you are physically active five days a week for 30 minutes. If you haven’t been active, consult with your health care professional to determine the best activities to engage in. Start slowly and gradually increase your levels of physical activity.
  • Eat healthy foods most of the time. If you want to lose weight, reduce your daily calorie intake by eating smaller portions. opt for lower fat foods as well as drinking water instead of sugary drinks.

You can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes by making other changes as recommended by your health care professional. If I have prediabetes, what should I do?

Prediabetes is characterized by high blood glucose levels, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. Diabetes type 2 is more likely to develop if you have prediabetes. Diabetes type 2 and prediabetes are associated with many of the same risk factors. Prediabetes can also be called impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose.

You can reduce your chances of developing type 2 diabetes by losing weight, becoming more active, and eating a reduced-calorie diet if you have prediabetes.

What are the symptoms of diabetes

What are the symptoms of diabetes

Diabetes manifests itself as a variety of symptoms

  •  increased thirst and urination
  •  increased hunger
  •  fatigue
  • blurred vision
  •  Hands or feet that feel numb or tingly
  •  sores that do not heal
  •  unexplained weight loss

Diabetes type 1 can manifest quickly, within weeks, while type 2 diabetes symptoms may develop slowly over several years, and may be so mild that you are unaware of them. There are many types of diabetes, and the majority of people do not feel any symptoms until they have diabetes-related health problems, such as blurred vision or high blood pressure.

How is type 1 diabetes caused?

Insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas are destroyed by your immune system when you have type 1 diabetes. There are genetic factors and environmental factors that can trigger type 1 diabetes, including viruses.

What causes type 2 diabetes?

Several factors contribute to type 2 diabetes, including lifestyle factors and genetics.

Overweight, obesity, and physical inactivity

The risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases if you are not physically active and overweight. Overweight can cause insulin resistance, which is common in patients with type 2 diabetes. Having excess belly fat increases the risk of insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease.

Insulin resistance

Usually, type 2 diabetes begins with insulin resistance, a condition that occurs when your muscle, liver, and fat cells do not use insulin properly. As a result, your body requires more insulin to help glucose enter your cells. Initially, the pancreas produces more insulin to meet the added demand. Over time, the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin, resulting in high blood glucose levels.

What causes gestational diabetes?

Researchers believe the hormonal changes of pregnancy, as well as genetics and lifestyle factors, are responsible for gestational diabetes.

Insulin resistance

Insulin resistance can, however be reversed in some pregnant women due to insufficient insulin production. Gestational diabetes is caused by inadequate insulin production by the pancreas. The weight gain associated with gestational diabetes is the same as the weight gain associated with type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance may already exist in pregnant women who are obese or overweight. There is also a possibility that overeating while pregnant contributes to the problem.

Hormonal diseases

Diabetes and insulin resistance are sometimes caused by hormonal diseases that cause the body to produce excessive amounts of certain hormones.

  •  Overproduction of cortisol results in Cushing’s syndrome, often called the “stress hormone”.
  •  Overproduction of growth hormone causes acromegaly.
  •  Too much thyroid hormone is produced by the thyroid gland, causing hyperthyroidism.
  • Damage to or removal of the pancreas

A damaged pancreas, pancreatic cancer, and trauma can harm the beta cells and cause them to produce less insulin. Diabetes will result if the damaged pancreas is removed.


It is possible for certain medicines to cause damage to beta cells or interfere with insulin’s function. These medicines include

  • niacin, a type of vitamin B3
  •  certain types of diuretics, also called water pills
  •  anti-seizure drugs
  •  psychiatric drugs
  •  A medicine used to prevent the body from rejecting a transplanted organ

What is Diabetes

What is Diabetes

The main source of energy for the body is blood glucose, also called blood sugar. A person with diabetes has high blood glucose levels, also known as blood sugar. The hormone insulin helps the body use glucose from food for energy. Sometimes, your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or doesn’t use it well, so glucose stays in your blood instead of reaching your cells for use. The presence of too much glucose in the blood can cause health problems over time. Although there is no cure for diabetes, you can manage your condition and remain healthy. There are times when people call diabetes “a touch of sugar” or “borderline diabetes.” These terms tend to suggest that a person doesn’t really have diabetes or that a person has a less serious case of the disease. However, all cases of diabetes are serious.

Diabetes comes in different types, what are they?

Among the most common types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes

A person with type 1 diabetes does not produce insulin because their immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in their pancreas. Diabetes type 1 patients require insulin to survive. The disease usually develops in children and young adults, although it can appear at any age.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes affects your body’s ability to make and use insulin. The most common form of diabetes, type 2 can occur at any age, but it occurs most frequently in people who are middle-aged or older.

Gestational diabetes

Some women develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy. This type of diabetes usually disappears after birth. However, if you develop type 2 diabetes later in life, you are more likely to have gestational diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can sometimes be diagnosed during pregnancy.

Other types of diabetes

Diabetes caused by cystic fibrosis and monogenic diabetes are less common types.

Type 2 diabetes is more likely to occur in who?

A number of factors are associated with the development of type 2 diabetes, including age, family history, weight, physical inactivity, race, and certain health conditions. A number of factors are associated with the development of type 2 diabetes, including age, family history, weight, physical inactivity, race, and certain health conditions.

People with diabetes can develop what types of health problems?

Blood glucose problems can develop over time, including

  •  heart disease
  •  stroke
  •  kidney disease
  •  eye problems
  • dental disease
  •  nerve damage
  •  foot problems

What is type 1 diabetes

What is type 1 diabetes?

During diabetes, the body cannot produce enough insulin due to damage to beta cells in the pancreas. Insulin is needed to regulate blood glucose levels, also known as blood sugar levels. This type of diabetes usually develops in children and young adults, but it can develop at any age as a result of an immune system reaction that attacks the pancreatic beta cells that produce insulin. In order for glucose from food to enter the cells of the body to produce energy, insulin is necessary. If insulin is not present, excess sugar will build up in the blood, a symptom known as hyperglycemia. Ultimately damage to the body occurs as result of this accumulation of sugar.

fatigue and other issues can result from the cells not having enough glucose.

The is currently no cure for type 1 diabetes, but there are ways to manage the condition. Lifestyle choices can help precept type 2, but they can not prevent type 2.


Type 1 diabetes symptoms usually appear over the course of a few days to weeks, including:

  • Hunger and thirst are increased
  • Urinating frequently
  • Vision blurred
  • fatigue and tiredness
  • There is no apparent trigger or cause for weight loss


Type 1 diabetes is treated primarily with insulin. It can be taken in three ways:

  • Needles and syringes
  • Insulin pens
  • Pumps for insulin

The use of pramlintide, which helps manage glucose levels after eating, may be necessary if insulin doesn’t fully control glucose levels.


A doctor will conduct blood tests if a patient exhibits symptoms of type 1 diabetes.

The A1C test, which measures blood glucose levels over the precious three months, can tell how long blood sugar levels have been elevated. Blood glucose levels at a specific time can be determined by a random plasma glucose test. It is possible for healthcare professionals to perform a blood test to check for autoantibodies, which are more common in people with type 1 diabetes than type 2. These tests can show if diabetes is present, but a person will need more tests to determine whether it is type 1 or type 2.

Is type 1 diabetes dangerous?

A person with untreated type 1 diabetes as at risk of developing DKA, which can be life threatening. Over suing insulin can also lead to hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar. Symptoms include:

  • confusion
  • fatigue
  • seizures
  • coma
  • in some cases, death

The nervous system, the cardiovascular system, and other body systems can all be affected by type 1 diabetes in the long term. Some of these complications may be life-threatening.