What is Pathology


  • What is Pathology
  • Work in Pathology
  • General pathology
  • Anatomical pathology
  • Clinical pathology
  • Chemical Pathology or Biochemistry
  • Hematology
  • Immunology

1. What is Pathology


The study of pathology represents the connection between science and medicine. it informs every aspect of patient care, from diagnosing illness to providing treatment advice to using cutting-edge genetic technologies. A pathologist is an expert in disease and illness. To treat patients with life-threatening conditions using cutting-edge genetic technologies, they use their expertise to guide doctors on the right way to treat common diseases.  the fight against viruses, infections, and diseases like cancer, pathologists play a vital role in research, advancing medicine, and developing new treatments. Thanks to pathologists pioneering work, diseases like polio have been greatly reduced throughout the world in the past 100 years, along with advancements in blood transfusions, vaccinations, and the treatment of inherited conditions.

2. Who Work in Pathology


Scientists and medical staff study samples from a person’s body to discover what is causing their illness. There are pathologists in these terms, as well as biomedical scientists and support staff. Pathologists are either doctors or scientists with specialized laboratory training. A pathologist and clinical scientist provide advice to doctors, nurses, and surgeons about the severity and nature of a patient’s illness, ensuring the patient receives the most appropriate treatment.

3. General pathology

As the name implies, general pathology is a complex and broad field that examines how cells and tissues are injured and how they are repaired. It is important to understand how cells adapt to injury, how necrosis and neoplasia occur, wounds heal, or how wounds heal.  Understanding these areas is vital to diagnosing diseases. In addition to anatomical pathology, general pathology refers to clinical pathology as well.

 4. Anatomical pathology

By analyzing samples from bodily fluids, tissues, organs, and sometimes the entire body, this field studies and diagnoses illness.

5. Clinical pathology

The study of clinical pathology involves analyzing blood, urine, and tissue samples in order to diagnose and treat diseases. Blood count, blood clotting, and electrolyte results are just a few examples of the information clinical pathology laboratories may provide.  Unlike a specialist in one of these fields, a clinical pathologist usually has a background in microbiology, hematology, or blood banking.

6. Chemical Pathology or Biochemistry

The job of a biochemist or chemical pathologist is to examine all aspects of the disease, identifying changes in proteins, hormones, and electrolytes found in the blood and body fluids.

7. Hematology

The field of hematology deals with various blood-related diseases such as anemia, bleeding disorders, and clotting disturbances.

8. Immunology

During immune function testing, immunologists determine if a patient has an allergy and if so what that allergy is. A number of diseases are also caused by the immune system launching an attack on healthy cells or tissues. This is referred to as an autoimmune disease. best Pathology Doctor in Dehradun Rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, and lupus are among the autoimmune diseases that can be detected with immunological tests.

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