What is Physiotherapy

What is Physiotherapy

Through physical rehabilitation, injury prevention, and health and fitness, physiotherapy helps patients regain mobility, function, and well-being. Physiotherapy helps patients regain mobility, function, and well-being. Physiotherapists help patients become more active in their recovery.

What is a physiotherapist’s expertise

An injury’s root cause is determined by physiotherapists who study the science of movement.

When should I go see a physiotherapist

You may be referred to physiotherapy after surgery such as a hip replacement, or if you suffer from chronic pain that affects your daily life.

Make sure your insurance company covers your physiotherapy if you plan to use health insurance to help pay for it. Your benefits will not be available if that insurance company does not cover the physiotherapist.

What problems do physiotherapists treat

The primary focus of physiotherapists is prevention and rehabilitation. They treat injuries, diseases and disabilities. Examples include:

  • Muscles and skeleton problems cause neck and back pain
  • Arthritis and the after-effects of imputation affect bones, joints, muscles, and ligaments
  • Asthma and other lung conditions
  • Heart disease-related disability
  • During childbirth, pelvic issues can occur, including bladder and bowel problems
  • Having limited mobility as a result of injury to the brain or spinal cord, or diseases like Parkinson’s disease or
  • multiple sclerosis
  • As a result of cancer treatment, or palliative care, fatigue, pain, swelling, stiffness, and muscle weakness may occur

What can I expect at physiotherapy

You will have a unique session because each one is tailored to your particular needs. In general, the process goes like this:

  • Medical history is taken into account by the physiotherapist
  • You are assessed and diagnosed by the physiotherapist
  • Goals are set for you as part of your treatment plan
  • Exercises are prescribed, as well as any assistive devices you might need

Types of Physiotherapy Sub-Specializes

In the past few decades, physiotherapy has evolved into various subspecialties that allow it to treat various conditions more effectively and appropriately. The following is a list of various subspecialties and their uses:

Neurological physiotherapy – There are many neurological conditions that result in extreme muscle weakness, loss of balance, coordination, muscle spasms, tremors, decreased perception, and loss of function. The goal of neurological physiotherapy is to establish mobility and treat functional disorders stemming from the nervous and neuromuscular systems, such as stroke, spinal cord injuries, traumatic brain injuries, multiple sclerosis, sciatica, aneurysms, and Parkinson’s disease.

Orthopedic/ musculoskeletal physiotherapy – During this sub-specialty, patients are treated for muscular deformities and musculoskeletal ailments, which include muscle, ligament, bone, joint, and tendon problems. As a result of a skeletal injury, pain must be alleviated, mobilization must be increased, and the injury needs to be rectified.

Cardiopulmonary physiotherapy – Subsequently, this subspecialty treats patients with cardiac arrests and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Patients can benefit from the exercise techniques and strength training techniques taught by physiotherapists at cardiac rehabilitation centers.

Pediatric physiotherapy – Physiotherapists assist children with acute injuries, birth defects, delayed physical growth, and certain genetic defects. As a result of various therapeutic exercises used physiotherapists, the affected parts of a child can improve their overall movement, as well as their precision.

Geriatric physiotherapy – There are several conditions related to aging, such as arthritis(pain in the joints) and osteoporosis(fragile and brittle bones). By utilizing a variety of techniques and exercises geriatric physiotherapists help elderly patients improve their overall mobility and to minimize pain by restricting certain motions that can aggravate pain.

Types of Treatment Modalities Used in Physiotherapy

Manual therapy – Physiotherapists use manual therapy to manipulate and mobilize affected joints using their hands by massaging them.

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) therapy – An electrode is placed on the surface of the skin and a small battery-powered device sends low-grade current through it to temporarily relieve pain.

Magnetic therapy – An electromagnet of different types and sizes can be applied by a trained professional under guidance. This can relieve pain.

Dry needling and acupuncture – Pain is temporarily reduced by inserting fine needles into specific body points.

Taping – A tape is used in this method to lift the skin away from the connective tissue, allowing more space for lymphatic fluid to flow.

Joint mobilization – To restore normal joint movement, a physiotherapist mobilizes the joints at different speeds, depths, and amplitudes.

Stretches and exercises – Exercises and stretches taught by physiotherapists help restore joint movement.

Rehabilitation – Exercises are used to alleviate disease conditions by strengthening, preventing, and correcting them.

Strengthening programs – Patients benefit from physiotherapy programs by improving their overall strength, balance, coordination and flexibility. These programs educate patients about personal responsibility for health and fitness.

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