What is type 1 diabetes?
During diabetes, the body cannot produce enough insulin due to damage to beta cells in the pancreas. Insulin is needed to regulate blood glucose levels, also known as blood sugar levels. This type of diabetes usually develops in children and young adults, but it can develop at any age as a result of an immune system reaction that attacks the pancreatic beta cells that produce insulin. In order for glucose from food to enter the cells of the body to produce energy, insulin is necessary. If insulin is not present, excess sugar will build up in the blood, a symptom known as hyperglycemia. Ultimately damage to the body occurs as result of this accumulation of sugar.
fatigue and other issues can result from the cells not having enough glucose.
The is currently no cure for type 1 diabetes, but there are ways to manage the condition. Lifestyle choices can help precept type 2, but they can not prevent type 2.
Type 1 diabetes symptoms usually appear over the course of a few days to weeks, including:
- Hunger and thirst are increased
- Urinating frequently
- Vision blurred
- fatigue and tiredness
- There is no apparent trigger or cause for weight loss
Type 1 diabetes is treated primarily with insulin. It can be taken in three ways:
- Needles and syringes
- Insulin pens
- Pumps for insulin
The use of pramlintide, which helps manage glucose levels after eating, may be necessary if insulin doesn’t fully control glucose levels.
A doctor will conduct blood tests if a patient exhibits symptoms of type 1 diabetes.
The A1C test, which measures blood glucose levels over the precious three months, can tell how long blood sugar levels have been elevated. Blood glucose levels at a specific time can be determined by a random plasma glucose test. It is possible for healthcare professionals to perform a blood test to check for autoantibodies, which are more common in people with type 1 diabetes than type 2. These tests can show if diabetes is present, but a person will need more tests to determine whether it is type 1 or type 2.
Is type 1 diabetes dangerous?
A person with untreated type 1 diabetes as at risk of developing DKA, which can be life threatening. Over suing insulin can also lead to hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar. Symptoms include:
- in some cases, death
The nervous system, the cardiovascular system, and other body systems can all be affected by type 1 diabetes in the long term. Some of these complications may be life-threatening.